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Acute Tracheobronchial Injuries

  • Mariano Scaglione
  • Roberto Ronza
  • Claudia Rossi
  • Maria Teresa Martino
  • Francesca lacobellis
  • Roberto Grassi
  • Sujit Vaidya
Chapter
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

Tracheobronchial injuries are an unusual clinical entity accounting for 0.2–8 % of all cases of blunt chest trauma. Actually, most patients die before arriving at the emergency department, from either associated injuries to vital structures, hemorrhage, tension pneumothorax, or respiratory insufficiency from an airway injury. Signs and symptoms may be very subtle or nonspecific and therefore clinical diagnosis is easily overlooked. In this chapter, the authors will review the radiological and CT signs of acute tracheobronchial injuries. Furthermore, mechanism of injury, terminology, and clinical issues will be discussed. Finally, management notes and treatment will be illustrated.

Keywords

Subcutaneous Emphysema Tracheobronchial Tree Blunt Chest Trauma Airway Injury Cervical Trachea 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariano Scaglione
    • 1
  • Roberto Ronza
    • 2
    • 3
  • Claudia Rossi
    • 2
    • 3
  • Maria Teresa Martino
    • 2
    • 3
  • Francesca lacobellis
    • 2
    • 3
  • Roberto Grassi
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sujit Vaidya
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of ImagingPineta Grande Medical CenterCastel VolturnoItaly
  2. 2.Department of RadiologySecond University of NaplesNaplesItaly
  3. 3.Department of ImagingCastel VolturnoItaly
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyThe Royal London Hospital, Barts and the London NHS TrustLondonUK

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