Brain Tumor Imaging

  • Oliver Bähr
  • Joachim P. Steinbach
  • Michael Weller
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The variety of brain tumors with different histology, localization, age distribution, and prognosis might be confusing. The WHO Classification of Tumours of the Central Nervous system (2007) includes more than 100 different entities (Louis et al. 2007). The comparison of primary brain and CNS tumors by site and by histology facilitates a first insight (Ostrom et al. 2014). Moreover, this reflects the incidence rates of specific brain tumors. Besides metastatic tumors of the CNS, meningeal tumors and glioma account for more than 60 % of all primary brain tumors. Regarding malignant tumors, gliomas even represent 80 % of all primary brain tumors. From 45 years of age and older, meningioma is the most frequent and glioblastoma the second most frequent brain tumor. In children and adolescents, pilocytic astrocytoma and embryonal tumors are more relevant (Ostrom et al. 2014).


Overall Survival Brain Metastasis Median Overall Survival Anaplastic Astrocytoma Pilocytic Astrocytoma 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oliver Bähr
    • 1
  • Joachim P. Steinbach
    • 1
  • Michael Weller
    • 2
  1. 1.Dr. Senckenberg Institute of NeurooncologyUniversity Cancer Center, Goethe University HospitalFrankfurtGermany
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyUniversity Hospital ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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