Female Pelvis: Genital Organs

  • Rosemarie Forstner
  • Teresa Margarida Cunha
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Gynecologic cancers account for 10–15 % of female malignancies, but the genital organs may also be affected in pelvic irradiation of other organs and in systemic treatment.

Depending on cancer type and stage, surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are treatment options. Advances in therapy result in markedly improved survival rates in pelvic malignancies. In these patients treatment-related side effects are more common than recurrence, but their differentiation may be challenging. This is why it is pivotal that the radiologist is aware of the type of treatment and the spectrum of normal posttreatment findings, pitfalls, and complications. Postirradiation sequelae may complicate the early phase but may also occur with a latency of many years. Side effects of targeted agents differ from those of classical cytotoxic agents, and particularly in the latter ovarian function may be impaired.


Cervical Cancer Endometrial Cancer Gynecologic Cancer Pelvic Irradiation Uterine Cancer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



computed tomography


magnetic resonance imaging




weighted imaging


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Landeskliniken SalzburgParacelsus Medical UniversitySalzburgAustria
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyInstituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco GentilLisbonPortugal

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