Cardiovascular Toxicity and Monitoring Methods in Oncologic Patients

Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Therapy of oncologic diseases requires a profound knowledge of the wide spectrum of available anticancer drugs and the ability of the oncologist to weigh the pros and cons of each medication in every single case individually to maintain a high standard of oncologic therapy.

Besides common side effects of anticancer drugs as headache, nausea, and diarrhea, adverse cardiovascular effects are, though less common, a crucial limitation with regard to the acceptance and continuation of the often long-standing therapy. Therefore, an appropriate choice of a single or multidrug medication, considering its special risks for cardiovascular side effects, is essential for preventing a preterm cancelation of a pivotal therapy.

This chapter offers an overview of widely used anticancer drugs, focusing on its certain cardiovascular effects, the possibility of cardioprotection, as well as important risk factors of treated patients, possibly boosting adverse cardiac effects.

Moreover, this chapter outlines commonly used monitoring methods for an appropriate surveillance, including those for high-risk oncologic patients with heart failure or arterial hypertension, and provides different treatment options in cases of manifest cardiovascular side effects.


Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Late Gadolinium Enhancement Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Level Cardiovascular Toxicity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.





Angiotensin-converting enzyme


Break-point cluster-Abelson


Body mass index


Congestive heart failure


Chronic myeloid leukemia


Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging


Chemotherapy-related cardiac dysfunction


Endothelin-converting enzyme 1




Food and Drug Administration


Gastrointestinal stromal tumor


Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2


Herceptin adjuvant trial


Left ventricle


Left ventricular ejection fraction


Non-small-cell lung carcinoma


New York Heart Association


Polyethylene glycol


Relative risk


Tissue Doppler imaging


Tyrosine kinase inhibitor


Vascular endothelial growth factor


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maxim Avanesov
    • 1
  • Andreas Block
    • 2
  • Gunnar K. Lund
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Center for Radiology and EndoscopyUniversity Medical Center Hamburg-EppendorfHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Internal Medicine II and Clinic (Oncology Center), Center for OncologyUniversity Medical Center Hamburg-EppendorfHamburgGermany

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