Advertisement

Vulvar Cancer

  • John A. Vargo
  • Sushil Beriwal
Chapter
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

The vulva is a triangular-shaped structure composed of the labia and perineum immediately external to the vagina. Anatomically the urogenital diaphragm, clitoral hood, ischiopubic rami, and deep transverse perineal muscles bind the vulva. While as many as 5 % of vulvar cancers are multifocal, the most common site of involvement is the labia majora/minora (70–75 %).

Keywords

Anal Verge Pelvic Lymph Node Vulvar Cancer Simultaneous Integrate Boost Target Volume Delineation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Beriwal S, Heron DE, Kim H et al (2006) Intensity-modulated radiotherapy for the treatment of vulvar carcinoma: a comparative dosimetric study with early clinical outcome. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 64:1395–1400CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Beriwal S, Coon D, Heron DE et al (2008) Preoperative intensity-modulated radiotherapy and chemotherapy for locally advanced vulvar carcinoma. Gynecol Oncol 109:291–295CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Beriwal S, Shukla G, Shinde A et al (2013) Preoperative intensity modulated radiation therapy and chemotherapy for locally advances vulvar carcinoma: analysis of pattern of relapse. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 85:1269–1274CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Cotter SE, Grigsby PW, Siegel BA et al (2006) FDG-PET/CT in the evaluation of anal carcinoma. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 65:720–725CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Kim C, Olsen A, Kim H, Beriwal S (2012) Contouring inguinal and femoral nodes; how much margin is needed around the vessels. Pract Radiat Oncol 2:274–278CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Klopp AH, Moughan J, Portelance L et al (2013) Hematologic toxicity in RTOG 0418: a phase 2 study of postoperative IMRT for gynecologic cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 86:83–90CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Moore DH, Ali S, Koh WJ et al (2012) A phase II trial of radiation therapy and weekly cisplatin chemotherapy for the treatment of locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the vulva: a gynecologic oncology group study. Gynecol Oncol 124:529–533CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Ng M, Leong T, Chander S et al (2012) Australian Gastrointestinal Trials Group contouring atlas and planning guidelines for intensity modulated radiotherapy in anal cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 83:1455–1462CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Taylor A, Rockall AG, Reznek RH et al (2005) Mapping pelvic lymph nodes: guidelines for delineation in intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 63:1604–1612CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiation OncologyUniversity of Pittsburgh Cancer InstitutePittsburghUSA

Personalised recommendations