Three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) has been the standard technique for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) may be useful to improve target coverage and for normal organ sparing, especially in the setting of unusually shaped target volumes. More recently, stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has been increasingly used. Individualized prescription doses are commonly used due to variable liver volume irradiation and proximity to luminal gastrointestinal tissues.
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