Cranial Nerves

  • Ryan Lanning
  • Robert Young
  • Christopher Barker
  • Nancy Lee
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


For the Radiation Oncologist, knowledge and identification of the cranial nerve pathways in cancers of the head and neck is important for both characterizing extent of disease involvement and determining clinical treatment volumes. There are two processes by which tumors involve nerve pathways. Perineural invasion involves tumor cells directly invading a nerve in close proximity to the primary lesion. Perineural spread is a metastatic process whereby malignant cells travel along a nerve pathway in either retrograde or anterograde directions.


Cranial Nerve Cavernous Sinus Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma Jugular Foramen Pterygopalatine Fossa 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan Lanning
    • 1
  • Robert Young
    • 2
  • Christopher Barker
    • 1
  • Nancy Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiation OncologyMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA

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