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MR Imaging of Brain Tumors

  • Elke Hattingen
  • Monika Warmuth-Metz
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

This chapter gives an overview of important radiological aspects in brain tumor imaging. It was not our aim to deal with the wide differential diagnosis of brain tumors, and this chapter should not replace a neuroradiological textbook. Instead, it addresses important radiological and neurological aspects which should be known by the radiologist reporting brain tumors. In general, age is one of the most important criterion to distinguish different brain neoplasms, since the differential diagnosis differ considerably between ages. Therefore, the chapter is divided into childhood and adulthood brain tumors. Further, important pitfalls in brain tumor diagnosis are treated especially concerning non-neoplastic brain lesions and post-treatment changes. The localization of brain tumors in relation to functional brain areas is another important issue which has to be reported by the neuroradiologist, since preservation of important brain function is the ultimate goal and determines the treatment modality. Therefore, this chapter gives some help to localize a tumor with respect to the functional primary motor and language areas.

Keywords

Brain Tumor Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Contrast Enhancement Germ Cell Tumor White Matter Tract 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

CT

Computed tomography

CNS

Central nervous system

SE

Spin echo

FLAIR

Fluid-Attenuated Inversion Recovery

PD

Proton density

i.v.

intravenous

fMRI

Functional MRI

DWI

Diffusion-weighted imaging

ADC

Apparent diffusion coefficient

DTI

Diffusion tensor imaging

SWI

Susceptibility-weighted imaging

PNET

Primitive neuroepithelial tumor

DNET

Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor

MPR

Multiplanar reformatting

PPL

Posterior pituitary lobe

WI

Weighted imaging

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NeuroradiologyUniversity Hospital of Goethe University FrankfurtFrankfurtGermany
  2. 2.NeuroradiologyUniversity Hospital of WürzburgWürzburgGermany

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