MRI in Muscle Tumors and Tumors of Fasciae and Tendon Sheaths

  • F. M. Vanhoenacker
  • M. E. A. P. M. Adriaensen-van Roij
  • A. M. De Schepper
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


This chapter aims to discuss the relevant clinicopathological and imaging characteristics of tumor and tumor-like soft tissue lesions involving smooth muscle and skeletal muscle. Special emphasize is placed on MR imaging. The discussion is basically focused on those intramuscular tumors that show histologically muscle differentiation. Benign muscle tumors (rhabdomyoma and leiomyoma) are relatively rare and account for less than 2 % of benign soft tissue tumors. Malignant tumors with muscle differentiation (rhabdomyosarcoma and leiomyosarcoma) are more frequent than their benign counterparts, and represent 2–12 and 8–9 % of soft tissue sarcomas, respectively. Other histological types of soft tissue tumors (STT) may arise in muscle and MR imaging is usually not specific for prediction of histology. There are—however—some intramuscularly located tumors (e.g., usual lipoma) that may be characterized with confidence on MR imaging. Lesions with more or less specific imaging features are mostly benign, whereas malignant STT do not have specific imaging features. Although histologically not belonging to the group of muscle tumors (according to the World Health Organization Classification), the imaging features of characteristic STT located within the muscle will be briefly reviewed. Furthermore, this chapter will deal with the most frequent muscular pseudotumors. Finally, tumor (like) conditions of fasciae and tendon sheaths will be discussed.


Soft Tissue Tumor Desmoid Tumor Tendon Sheath Deep Soft Tissue Nodular Fasciitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. M. Vanhoenacker
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. E. A. P. M. Adriaensen-van Roij
    • 4
  • A. M. De Schepper
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity Hospital AntwerpEdegemBelgium
  2. 2.General Hospital Sint-Maarten Duffel-MechelenDuffelBelgium
  3. 3.Faculty of Medicine and Health SciencesUniversity of GhentGhentBelgium
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyAtrium Medical Center ParkstadHeerlenThe Netherlands

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