Introduction to Decision Tools

  • Meredith Elana Giuliani
  • Andrew J. Hope
  • Anthony Fyles
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Decision tools are becoming critical to medical decision-making, due to the complexity of available information that outstrips the capacity to synthesize it without assistance. Tools such as decision trees, algorithms and nomograms may be used to facilitate treatment decisions, evaluating endpoints such as survival and toxicity. Incorporation of biologic and molecular data is increasingly being used in decision-making in cancer, for example in selecting systemic therapies, and will soon be expanded to include decisions about radiotherapy and surgery. Health technology is an integral part of decision tools development, allowing rapid access to data and distributed access to users. However, the limitations in the development and use of decision tools must be recognized, and solutions developed to facilitate their widespread implementation and improve healthcare outcomes.


Atrial Fibrillation Decision Support Tool Recurrence Score Decision Tool Compete Risk Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meredith Elana Giuliani
    • 1
  • Andrew J. Hope
    • 1
  • Anthony Fyles
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiation OncologyPrincess Margaret Cancer Centre, University of TorontoTorontoCanada

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