Congenital and Acquired Mediastinal Vascular Disorders in Children

  • Monica Epelman
  • Oleksandr Kondrachuk
  • Ricardo Restrepo
  • Edward Y. Lee
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Congenital thoracic vascular anomalies may involve the thoracic aorta and its branches, pulmonary arteries and veins, as well as the thoracic systemic veins. Technical improvements in multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), now allow for the noninvasive preoperative and postoperative imaging evaluation of the majority of these anomalies. The addition of 3D imaging provides comprehensive 3D displays for real-time and interactive interpretation and treatment guidance (Hellinger et al. 2011; Kondrachuk et al. 2012; Lee et al. 2010). In this chapter, the current imaging techniques of MDCT and MRI are reviewed, followed by a discussion on the commonly encountered thoracic congenital and acquired mediastinal vascular anomalies in pediatric patients.


Inferior Vena Cava Aortic Arch Pulmonary Vein Subclavian Artery Left Subclavian Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monica Epelman
    • 1
  • Oleksandr Kondrachuk
    • 2
  • Ricardo Restrepo
    • 3
  • Edward Y. Lee
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyNemours Children’s HospitalOrlandoFlorida
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUkrainian Children’s Cardiac CenterKyivUkraine
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyMiami Children’s HospitalMiamiFlorida
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyBoston Children’s Hospital and Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUS

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