Intestinal tuberculosis is a chronic inflammation of the bowel caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The ileocecal area is the most common site. In patients with intestinal tuberculosis sonography may detect bowel wall thickening and hyperemia, usually associated with luminal narrowing and mesenteric lymphadenopathy. When tuberculous peritonitis coexists, sonography shows ascites, omental cake, and thickened mesentery with an adherent small bowel loop. Ultrasonography may be used as a primary investigative tool in patients with suspected or recurrent tuberculosis.
KeywordsBowel Wall Terminal Ileum Sonographic Finding Abdominal Tuberculosis Intestinal Tuberculosis
- Reeder MM, Palmer PES (1989) Infections and infestations. In: Freeny PC, Stevenson GW (eds) Margulis, burhenne’s alimentary tract radiology, 4th edn. Mosby, St. Louis, pp 1479–1481Google Scholar
- Rosai J (2004) Rosai and Ackerman’s surgical pathology, 9th edn. Mosby, Edinburgh, pp 793–794Google Scholar
- Wilson SR (1998) The gastrointestinal tract. In: Rumack CM, Wilson SR, Charboneau JW (eds) Diagnostic ultrasound, 2nd edn. Mosby, St. Louis, pp 279–327Google Scholar