Radiography in Osteoporosis

Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The pathological changes of osteoporosis are due to resorption of the cortical and trabecular bone. The main radiographic findings include changes in the trabecular pattern, cortical thinning, and decreased bone density which are more prominent in the axial skeleton. Although the most common cause is primary osteoporosis, one has to be aware of the secondary causes as well. Conventional radiography helps in evaluating the secondary causes of osteoporosis, to confirm or rule out fractures and to diagnose concomitant or predisposing conditions. However, radiographs have certain limitations. Radiography only helps in qualitative assessment and cannot be considered as a tool for quantitative assessment. This chapter aims to review the radio-pathological changes and various causes of osteoporosis.


Trabecular Bone Femoral Neck Fracture Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Insufficiency Fracture Trochanteric Fracture 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sivasubramanian Srinivasan
    • 1
  • Wilfred C. G. Peh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyKhoo Teck Puat Hospital Alexandra HealthSingaporeRepublic of Singapore

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