Anemias and Bone Marrow Insufficiency

  • Iris-Melanie Noebauer-Huhmann
  • Martin Uffmann
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Anemia is the most common disorder of the blood, with a broad spectrum of underlying causes. The most important conditions and entities resulting in or representing anemia are discussed in this chapter. Detailed information is provided for hemoglobinopathies (as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia), for primary anemias and bone marrow insufficiency (aplastic anemia, and serous atrophy). Information on age-related anemias includes inherited anemias in the child, as well as acquired anemias in the elderly. For each entity, the etiology and clinical background, followed by mechanisms and histology, and imaging characteristics are provided. The clinical symptoms of anemia are relatively uniform. However, imaging characteristics as extramedullary hematopoiesis, or complications as osteonecrosis or osteomyelitis are more likely in some forms of anemia. Disease- and treatment-related bone marrow patterns are also discussed.


Sickle Cell Disease Aplastic Anemia Fanconi Anemia Hereditary Spherocytosis Extramedullary Hematopoiesis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg  2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Department of RadiologyMedical University of Vienna/Vienna General HospitalViennaAustria
  2. 2.NeunkirchenAustria

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