Advertisement

Carcinoid and Submucosal Tumors

  • Jiro Hata
  • Ken Haruma
  • Noriaki Manabe
  • Hiroshi Imamura
Chapter
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

In this chapter, the sonographic diagnosis of carcinoid and submucosal tumors is discussed. For the sonographic diagnosis of these tumors, the assessment of wall stratification is essential. After deciding the main layer of the tumor, the shape, echogenicity, and blood vessel patterns are evaluated to diagnose each tumor. Contrast ultrasound is also useful for the evaluation of microperfusion of tumors. In most cases, the diagnostic ability of extracorporeal ultrasound, which is noninvasive and easy to execute, is almost equivalent to that of endoscopic ultrasound.

Keywords

Carcinoid Tumor Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor Submucosal Layer Submucosal Tumor Granular Cell Tumor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Arantes V, Logrono R, Faruqi S et al (2004) Endoscopic sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration yield in submucosal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. J Ultrasound Med 23:1141–1150PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Brand B, Oesterhelweg L, Binmoeller KF et al (2002) Impact of endoscopic ultrasound for evaluation of submucosal lesions in gastrointestinal tract. Dig Liver Dis. 34:290–297PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Futagami K, Hata J, Haruma K et al (2001) Extracorporeal ultrasound is an effective diagnostic alternative to endoscopic ultrasound for gastric submucosal tumours. Scand J Gastroenterol 36:1222–1226PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Polkowski M, Palucki J, Butruk E (2002) Transabdominal ultrasound for visualizing gastric submucosal tumors diagnosed by endosonography: can surveillance be simplified? Endoscopy 34:979–983PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Rosch T, Kapfer B, Will U et al (2002) Accuracy of endoscopic ultrasonography in upper gastrointestinal submucosal lesions: a prospective multicenter study. Scand J Gastroenterol 37:856–862PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Tsai TL, Changchien CS, Hu TH et al (2000) Demonstration of gastric submucosal lesions by high-resolution transabdominal sonography. J Clin Ultrasound 28:125–132PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Vander NMR III, Eloubeidi MA, Chen VK et al (2004) Diagnosis of gastrointestinal tract lesions by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Cancer 102:157–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiro Hata
    • 1
  • Ken Haruma
    • 2
  • Noriaki Manabe
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Imamura
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Pathology and Laboratory MedicineKawasaki Medical SchoolKurashiki CityJapan
  2. 2.Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal MedicineKawasaki Medical SchoolKurashiki CityJapan

Personalised recommendations