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Neutropenic Enterocolitis and Graft Versus Host Disease

  • Christoph Dietrich
  • Stefan Klein
Chapter
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

High-end sonography of the bowel is a helpful tool for diagnosis, assessment of prognosis and follow-up of patients with neutropenic colitis (NPC) and acute graft versus host disease (aGvHD). In NPC ultrasonography revealed bowel thickness reflecting the severity and the course of the disease, and seems to be predictive for the clinical outcome. In aGvHD abdominal ultrasound has been introduced as a useful imaging method including functional assessment applying colour Doppler imaging (CDI) for diagnosis of patients with intestinal GvHD. Typical sonographic findings have been identified. Thus, high resolution ultrasonography and CDI can be used to differentiate between sGvHD and major differential diagnosis. 

Keywords

Superior Mesenteric Artery Bowel Wall Graft Versus Host Disease Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Color Doppler Imaging 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Caritas Krankenhaus Uhlandstr. 7Bad MergentheimGermany
  2. 2.III. Medizinischen Klinik, Universitätsmedizin MannheimMannheimGermany

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