Neutropenic Enterocolitis and Graft Versus Host Disease
High-end sonography of the bowel is a helpful tool for diagnosis, assessment of prognosis and follow-up of patients with neutropenic colitis (NPC) and acute graft versus host disease (aGvHD). In NPC ultrasonography revealed bowel thickness reflecting the severity and the course of the disease, and seems to be predictive for the clinical outcome. In aGvHD abdominal ultrasound has been introduced as a useful imaging method including functional assessment applying colour Doppler imaging (CDI) for diagnosis of patients with intestinal GvHD. Typical sonographic findings have been identified. Thus, high resolution ultrasonography and CDI can be used to differentiate between sGvHD and major differential diagnosis.
KeywordsSuperior Mesenteric Artery Bowel Wall Graft Versus Host Disease Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Color Doppler Imaging
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