Dysphagia pp 391-407 | Cite as

Endoscopy of the Pharynx and Esophagus

  • Doris-Maria Denk-Linnert
  • Rainer Schöfl
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Endoscopy of the pharynx and esophagus contributes to the diagnostic work-up of the patients with pharyngeal and esophageal disorders. Dysphagia is one of the main symptoms. In many cases, endoscopy has emerged as “first-line” examination. In addition to the endoscopic visualization of the (aero)-digestive tract, biopsies allow histological diagnosis, and therapeutic manipulations can be performed. However, radiography, especially videofluoroscopy, remains indispensable. A main focus of diagnostic interest is the differential diagnosis between structural diseases and functional disorders. In order to meet the diagnostic and therapeutic requirements an interdisciplinary approach is necessary. Among others, otorhinolaryngologists, gastroenterologists, radiologists and surgeons cooperate in the patient management.


Vocal Fold Aerodigestive Tract Flexible Endoscopy Eosinophilic Esophagitis Esophageal Disease 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank Fritz Wewalka, MD, 4th Department of Internal Medecine, Hospital of the Elisabethinen, Linz, for his support and the provision of the figures 13.b-28


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Section of Phoniatrics Vienna Medical School, Medical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.4th Department of Internal MedicineHospital of the ElisabethinenLinzAustria

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