Granulomatous Diseases

Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Granulomatous diseases of the central nervous system include a variety of different syndromes which are defined by focal inflammation containing fused and non-fused granulomas. Depending on the disease, different anatomical structures are affected. In many cases, MRI shows characteristic pattern of lesions and allows a specific diagnosis or a very specific differential diagnosis.


Pituitary Adenoma Cranial Nerve Pituitary Gland Cavernous Sinus Perivascular Space 
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  1. Nakata Y, Sato N, Masumoto T et al (2010) Parasellar T2 dark sign on MR imaging in patients with lymphocytic hypophysitis. Am J Neuroradiol 31:1944–1950PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Carkirer S (2003) MRI findings in the patients with the presumptive clinical diagnosis of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome. Eur Radiol 13(1):17–28Google Scholar
  2. de Bellis A, Ruocco G, Battaglia M et al (2008) Immunological and clinical aspects of lymphocytic hypophysitis. Clin Sci 114:413–421PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Nowak DA (2001) Neurosarcoidosis: a review of intracranial manifestation. J Neurol 248:363–372PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Shah R, Robertson GH, Cure JK (2009) Correlation of MR imaging findings and clinical manifestations in neurosarcoidosis. Am J Neuroradiol 30:953–961PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeuroradiologyCentral Institute of Radiology and NeuroradiologyFrankfurtGermany

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