Imaging Endocrine Diseases in Children

The Evaluation of Normal and Abnormal Bone Growth: Including Skeletal Involvement in Endocrine Diseases
  • K. Rosendahl
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The role of skeletal imaging in cases of suspected endocrine disease is to detect, and possibly quantify, any bone involvement to secure a correct diagnosis, to search for complications to treatment and to guide further management. Growing bone is challenging, as bone structure, shape and size changes continuously until skeletal maturity. The numerous normal variants of growth which may mimic pathology have been accurately described radiographically, but little is known about the appearances on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Thus, radiography remains an important method with a high specificity for a number of diseases through “pattern recognition”. Its low sensitivity for cartilage, bone marrow and soft tissue involvement, however, has opened the way for additional techniques, such as ultrasound, MRI, computed tomography (CT) and nuclear imaging.


Congenital Hypothyroidism Parathyroid Carcinoma Intramembranous Ossification Secondary Ossification Centre Enchondral Ossification 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



I am very grateful to Illustrator Ellinor Moldeklev Hoff, Department of Photo and Drawing, University of Bergen, for providing the drawings, and to Prof. Paolo Toma and Dr. Domenico Barbuti, Diagnostic imaging, both OPBG, Rome and Dr. Veronica Donoghue, Children’s University Hospital, Dublin, for providing some of the images.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Paediatric RadiologyHaukeland University HospitalBergenNorway

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