Feeding and Respiration
Coordination of breathing and swallowing is essential for normal bolus transportation through the pharynx and for protection of the airways. During passage of the bolus through the pharynx, respiration is interrupted. Normal swallowing occurs during the expiratory phase of breathing. Incoordination of the feeding respiratory pattern may lead to penetration of the bolus into the airways. This may cause choking, death, aspiration pneumonia, or chronic laryngitis.
KeywordsChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Functional Residual Capacity Total Lung Capacity Respiratory Drive Respiratory Neuron
- Dick TE, Oku Y, Romaniuk JR, Cherniack NS (1993) Interaction between central pattern generators for breathing and swallowing in the cat. J Physiol 465:34–44Google Scholar
- Miller AJ (1999) The neuroscientific principles of swallowing and dysphagia. Singular Publishing Group, San Diego, pp 73–92Google Scholar