Dysphagia pp 155-163 | Cite as

Dysphagia in Systemic Disease

  • Thomas Mandl
  • Olle Ekberg
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Systemic disease may result in dysphagia through numerous mechanisms. For example, salivary gland impairment may result in xerostomia, which as well as resulting in painful mucosal blisters and ulcers may impair oral function. Acute or chronic inflammatory processes may result in strictures in the esophagus and/or pharynx. Furthermore, altered biomechanics of oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal musculature may be found in patients with rheumatoid arthritis with cervical spine abnormalities and in patients with scleroderma. Finally, systemic vasculitides involving the central nervous system may result in cortical and brainstem ischemia leading to neurological impairment hampering the swallowing process.


Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patient Lichen Planus Esophageal Stricture Bullous Pemphigoid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg  2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic RadiologySkåne University HospitalMalmöSweden
  2. 2.Department of RheumatologySkåne University HospitalMalmöSweden

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