Multi-Detector Row CT–Recent Developments, Radiation Dose and Dose Reduction Technologies

  • Thomas Flohr
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Clinical experience with the most recent 64-slice and 128-slice CT-systems indicates that a further increase of the number of detector rows will not automatically translate into improved clinical performance. Consequently, recent CT developments have focused on solving remaining limitations of multi-detector row CT, such as limited potential to dynamically scan entire organs or insufficient temporal resolution for cardiac imaging. We discuss new CT system concepts such as CT-scanners with area detectors large enough to cover entire organs, or dual-source CT-systems with considerably enhanced temporal resolution below 100 ms and fast volume coverage by means of high pitch scanning. Furthermore, we introduce and explain the basic radiation dose parameters in CT and their measurement. We briefly discuss established and new techniques for radiation dose reduction, such as anatomical X-ray tube current modulation, organ-based tube current modulation, ECG-controlled tube current modulation, adaptation of the X-ray tube voltage to the patient's anatomy and the planned examination type, dynamically adjustable pre-patient collimators and iterative reconstruction. 


Coronary Compute Tomography Angiography Iterative Reconstruction Tube Current Modulation Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction Spiral Pitch 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Siemens HealthcareForchheimGermany
  2. 2.Eberhard Karls UniversityTübingenGermany

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