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Reported Toxicities Associated with Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy

  • Simon S. Lo
  • Arjun Sahgal
  • Charles A. Kunos
  • Bin S. Teh
  • Min Yao
  • Mitchell Machtay
  • Nina A. Mayr
  • Zhibin Huang
  • Eric L. Chang
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) or stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) entails the delivery of ablative doses of radiation to extracranial targets. With the increase in the use of SBRT to treat extracranial tumors of various sites, more clinical experience has been gained. Despite the sharp falloff of the radiation dose beyond the prescribed isodose line, which is a characteristic of SBRT, various serious treatment-related complications have been observed, especially when the target volume is very close to organs-at-risk (OARs). Knowledge of potential complications caused by radiation in the ablative dose range will enhance understanding of tolerance of various OARs and this will facilitate further development of safer SBRT regimens for different body sites. This chapter will provide an overview of the severe toxicities associated with SBRT.

Keywords

Brachial Plexus Intensity Modulate Radiation Therapy Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Spinal Metastasis Radiation Pneumonitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Simon S. Lo
    • 1
  • Arjun Sahgal
    • 2
  • Charles A. Kunos
    • 1
  • Bin S. Teh
    • 3
  • Min Yao
    • 1
  • Mitchell Machtay
    • 1
  • Nina A. Mayr
    • 5
  • Zhibin Huang
    • 6
  • Eric L. Chang
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Radiation OncologyUniversity Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, Case Comprehensive Cancer Center, Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital and Toronto Sunnybrook HospitalUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of Radiation Oncology, Weill Cornell College of MedicineThe Methodist Hospital Cancer Center and Research InstituteHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Department of Radiation Oncology, Keck School of Medicine and Norris Cancer HospitalUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  5. 5.Department of Radiation Oncology, Arthur G. James Cancer HospitalThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  6. 6.Department of Radiation OncologyEast Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA

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