• Digna R. Kool
  • Ferco H. Berger
  • Patrick M. Vos
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


In this chapter non-traumatic and traumatic pathology of the spleen will be discussed. A variety of non-traumatic emergencies of the spleen are regularly encountered during emergency imaging of the abdomen. Sometimes diagnostic imaging is performed because the splenic pathology (infarcts, spontaneous rupture, abscess or splenomegaly) causes symptoms, more often these splenic abnormalities are encountered during diagnostic imaging for other indications. We will discuss the most common splenic findings that can be encountered during emergency imaging of the abdomen. The spleen is the most affected organ in patients with abdominal organ injury after blunt trauma. Imaging finding of traumatic injury to the spleen on Ultrasound and CT will be described and shown. The influence of imaging in selecting patients for non-operative management of splenic injuries and the value of the most frequently used grading systems in clinical decision making will be discussed.


Splenic Injury Splenic Rupture Contrast Extravasation Splenic Infarction Splenic Abscess 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Digna R. Kool
    • 1
  • Ferco H. Berger
    • 2
  • Patrick M. Vos
    • 3
  1. 1.RadiologyJeroen Bosch HospitalS HertogenboschThe Netherlands
  2. 2.RadiologyVU University Medical Center AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.RadiologySt. Pauls Hospital Vancouver BCVancouverCanada

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