MRI Guidance of Minimally Invasive Cranial Applications

  • Chip Truwit
  • Alastair J. Martin
  • Walter A. Hall
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Since the inception of intraoperative magnetic resonance (MR)-guided neurosurgery, a primary goal has been to enhance minimally invasive surgical techniques. One approach has been to obviate the effects of brain shift by drilling burr holes prior to MR scanning in an intraoperative MR-guided neurosurgery suite. This approach benefits from accommodating potential brain shift, prior to the acquisition of images that are used for trajectory planning and guidance. Alternatively, some investigators have engaged the MR scanner more directly in the planning and guidance of surgical trajectories. Two implementations of this concept are the 3D SLICER and prospective stereotaxy. In this chapter, we present an in-depth review of the transition from freehand neurobiopsy to functional neurosurgery by virtue of advances in minimally invasive surgical techniques using prospective stereotaxy.


Brain Shift Main Magnetic Field Deep Brain Stimulator Electrode Frameless Stereotaxy Stereotactic Brain Biopsy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chip Truwit
    • 1
    • 2
  • Alastair J. Martin
    • 3
  • Walter A. Hall
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyHennepin County Medical CenterMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Minnesota School of MedicineMinneapolisUSA
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA
  4. 4.Department of NeurosurgerySUNY Upstate Medical UniversitySyracuseUSA

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