Valvular Heart Disease

  • Andrew M. Taylor
  • Steven Dymarkowski
  • Jan Bogaert
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The assessment of valvular heart disease by cardiac MRI has changed little over the last decade. However, with the increasing use and development of percutaneous valve interventions (transcatheter and minimally-invasive surgery), there is an increasing need to use cardiac MRI to define which patients will benefit from treatment, which patients are suitable for a specific treatment and how patients will respond to their treatments. As cardiac MRI is the best available in-vivo test to define great vessel flow and ventricular volumes, whilst at the same time providing beautiful, high-resolution 3D/4D anatomical images of the heart, it may become the imaging modalities of choice for these assessments. Importantly, as long-term outcome data is acquired, this ability of cardiac MRI to accurately measure physiological parameters will help us define when to treat patients, in particular asymptomatic patients with valvular regurgitation. Finally, the development and increasing use of high spatio-temporal real-time data for acquiring flow and function information will enable MR scans to be performed over a short time period (e.g. 15 mins) comparable to the time it takes to perform a full echocardiogram!


Right Ventricular Aortic Stenosis Mitral Regurgitation Aortic Regurgitation Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to acknowledge the following for their help and support with cardiovascular MR. From Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, UK: Dr. Marina Hughes, Dr. Oliver Tann, Dr. Vivek Muthurangu, Dr. Catherine Owens, Rod Jones, Wendy Norman, and Professor Philipp Bonhoeffer of the Cardiorespiratory Unit; and Dr. Angus McEwan of the Anaesthetic Department.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg  2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew M. Taylor
    • 1
    • 2
  • Steven Dymarkowski
    • 3
  • Jan Bogaert
    • 3
  1. 1.Hospital for ChildrenCardio-respiratory UnitLondonUK
  2. 2.Centre for Cardiovascular ImagingUCL Institute of Cardiovascular Science & Great Ormond Street Hospital for ChildrenLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyKatholieke Universiteit Leuven, University Hospital LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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