Dysphagia pp 3-18 | Cite as

Anatomy and Physiology

Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The oral cavity, pharynx and esophagus constitute three anatomically and functionally integrated areas that are involved in swallowing. They are made up of muscular tubes surrounded by cartilages and bones. Swallowing in controlled by the brain stem in the central nervous system where the swallowing centre is located.


Soft Palate Hyoid Bone Thyroid Cartilage Cricoid Cartilage Arytenoid Cartilage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Diagnostic Centre of Imaging and Functional MedicineSkåne University HospitalMalmöSweden

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