MR-Guided Focused Ultrasound Treatment of Uterine Fibroids
MR-guided focused ultrasound is a new completely non-invasive treatment of fibroids utilising very high energy ultrasound focused to a specific point in the body which causes local heating and therefore thermal ablation. This whole process can be targeted and guided by MR using online thermal mapping and completely MR compatible focused ultrasound equipment. The whole procedure can be carried out in a conventional MR scanner as an outpatient with minimal complications and minimal conscious sedation. No inpatient admission is required and patients can return to work within 24 hours of the procedure with very little associated pain and other morbidity. More than 5000 cases around the world have now been carried out using this approach with substantial success. This chapter describes the details of the process the inclusion and exclusion criteria and the side effects and rates of success with current equipment.
KeywordsUterine Artery Embolization Uterine Fibroid Focus Ultrasound Coagulative Necrosis Skin Burn
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