Dysphagia pp 83-106 | Cite as

Neurology of Swallowing and Dysphagia

Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Neurogenic dysphagia is difficulty swallowing due to neurological diseases and compromises especially the oral and/or pharyngeal stage. The first section of this chapter deals with the neuroanatomy and neurophysiology of swallowing as a basis for a better understanding of neurogenic dysphagia. Then, diagnostic approaches are described comprising history taking, screening examinations, clinical swallowing examination, and instrumental methods. The third section focuses on those neurological diseases which are frequently associated with dysphagia and ends with the description of the problem that only a few pharmacological and invasive therapeutic interventions against neurogenic dysphagia exist. This expressly underlines the need for swallowing therapy and the development of new therapeutic approaches such as electrical pharyngeal or repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulations.


Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Multiple System Atrophy Dementia With Lewy Body Progressive Supranuclear Palsy Inclusion Body Myositis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Abteilung Neurologie, m&i-Fachklinik Bad HeilbrunnBad HeilbrunnGermany

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