Respiratory Tract Vasculitis

  • M. Habib Bouhaouala
  • Ridha Charfi
  • Meher Abouda
  • Nadia Mehiri
  • Béchir Louzir
  • Lotfi Hendaoui
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The respiratory airway and pulmonary parenchyma are frequently involved in vasculitis particularly in small-vessel vasculitis associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies. The diagnosis is based on anamnesis and physical examination but remains largely dependent on high-resolution CT and angiography. The confirmation of diagnosis depends on tissue biopsy. Conventional chest radiography is usually not very contributive. High-resolution CT is more sensitive in showing the spectrum of thoracic manifestations but it is nonspecific. MRI and MR angiography can provide information on vessel wall thickening in the early stage and on luminal changes. PET/CT is a good indicator of inflammation and helpful for follow-up.


Takayasu Arteritis Polyarteritis Nodosa Mixed Cryoglobulinemia Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis Pulmonary Artery Aneurysm 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Habib Bouhaouala
    • 1
  • Ridha Charfi
    • 1
  • Meher Abouda
    • 2
  • Nadia Mehiri
    • 3
  • Béchir Louzir
    • 3
  • Lotfi Hendaoui
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Medical Imaging, Medical School of TunisInterior Security Forces Teaching HospitalLa MarsaTunisia
  2. 2.Department of Pneumology, Medical School of TunisInterior Security Forces Teaching HospitalLa MarsaTunisia
  3. 3.Department of Pneumology and AllergologyMedical School of Tunis, La Rabta Teaching HospitalTunisTunisia
  4. 4.Department of Imaging, Medical School of TunisMongi Slim Teaching HospitalLa MarsaTunisia

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