Congenital and Developmental Abnormalities

  • Emily J. StenhouseEmail author
  • James J. R. Kirkpatrick
  • Greg J. Irwin
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Congenital hand differences (CHD) have been estimated to occur in 10% of children born with congenital abnormalities. CHD can be classified according to their pre-dominant abnormality using the Swanson classification. Failure of differentiation represents the most common group. Associated (nonlimb) abnormalities are common and it is important to identify those CHD requiring systemic evaluation. Radiology is important in the diagnosis and management of CHD with plain films providing the mainstay of imaging postnatally. The management of CHD should be within a multi-disciplinary environment.


Skeletal Dysplasia Carpal Bone Middle Phalanx Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia Thanatophoric Dysplasia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emily J. Stenhouse
    • 1
    Email author
  • James J. R. Kirkpatrick
    • 2
  • Greg J. Irwin
    • 3
  1. 1.Consultant Paediatric RadiologistRoyal Hospital for Sick ChildrenGlasgowUK
  2. 2.Consultant Plastic and Hand SurgeonCanniesburn Plastic Surgery Unit, Glasgow Royal Infirmary and Royal Hospital for Sick ChildrenGlasgowUK
  3. 3.Consultant Paediatric Radiologist, Diagnostic ImagingRoyal Hospital for Sick ChildrenGlasgowScotland, UK

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