Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The prehistoric area of ultra high field MR (UHF-MR) began in the late 1980s, when 4T systems were introduced and installed in Birmingham (Alabama), at NIH and at the Centre for Magnetic Resonance Research in Minnesota (CMRR). For more than a decade, the research teams working on these systems produced a constant stream of papers on the benefits, and the challenges of high field MR. Some of the early work—most notably early results on fMRI at 4T produced by CMRR—showed a very clear and distinct advantage of UHF-MR compared to the then common 1.5T systems, particularly for functional brain imaging and spectroscopy. Nevertheless the enthusiasm for these huge systems didn’t really catch on, and the rest of the MR community was quite happy to stand by and watch the affluent few struggling along and fighting all the challenges coming with the higher field.


Functional Brain Imaging Killer Application High Flip Angle Breath Hold Imaging Huge System 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universität FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Magnetic ResonanceOtto-von-Guericke-University MagdeburgMagdeburgGermany

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