Diagnostic Imaging Techniques

Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Imaging of the paediatric gynaecological tract encompasses patients with vastly different physiology ranging from the neonate under maternal hormonal influence to the post-pubertal young adolescent. Ultrasound is the mainstay of imaging of the genitourinary tract. In specific clinical circumstances, cross-sectional imaging may be necessary. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with its intrinsic high soft tissue contrast and multiplanar capability is preferred but will usually necessitate some of form of sedation in the younger child. Computed tomography (CT) is preferably avoided because of ionising radiation exposure. Contrast examinations are specialised imaging procedures for specific conditions. This chapter considers the various imaging modalities available for the investigation of gynaecological disorders in children.



Transvaginal ultrasound


Transabdominal ultrasound


Turbo spin-echo


Fast imaging with steady-state precession


Three dimensional




Multi-detector computed tomography


Computed tomography


Magnetic resonance imaging








Magnetic resonance angiography


Low-osmolar contrast medium


Turbo field-echo


Turbo spin-echo


Balanced fast field echo


Two dimensional


T1 high-resolution isotropic volume excitation


Spectral adiabatic inversion recovery


Field of view


Number of signal averages


Repetition time


Half fourier acquisition with turbo spin-echo


Single shot


Gradient echo


Signal-to-noise ratio




Milliampere second


Kilovolt peak


Examination under anaesthesia


Magnetic resonance urography


Transperineal sonography


Fast low angle single shot


Sensitivity encoding


Integrated parallel acquisition techniques


As low as reasonably achievable


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Paediatric RadiologyAlder Hey Children’s Hospital NHS Foundation TrustLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyLiverpool Women’s Hospital NHS Foundation TrustLiverpoolUK
  3. 3.Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyLiverpool Women’s Hospital NHS Foundation TrustLiverpoolUK

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