Structural Abnormalities of the Female Reproductive Tract

  • Paul HumphriesEmail author
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The true incidence of structural abnormalities of the female reproductive tract in paediatric and adolescent patients is difficult to determine. The term “structural abnormality” encompasses a wide spectrum of anatomical anomalies, which, depending on the precise anomalies present, have a varied temporal and clinical presentation. Imaging assessment of these abnormalities often requires a multi-modality approach with the methods employed being modified depending on the clinical presentation and age of the patient. Classification of structural genital abnormalities is not standardized, with several different schema proposed. Ultimately good communication between clinical and radiological multidisciplinary team members is vital to ensure that there is unambiguous interpretation of the spectrum of abnormalities in a given patient and best care delivered.


Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Structural Anomaly Urogenital Sinus Vaginal Septum Bicornuate Uterus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Fast low angle single shot


Spin echo


Turbospin echo


Fast imaging with steady-state precession


Three dimensional




Multi-detector computed tomography


Two dimensional


Magnetic resonance imaging




Cerebrospinal fluid


Short tau inversion recovery


Magnetic resonance angiography


American society of reproductive Medicine


Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome


Vagina, Cervix, Uterus, Adenxa and associated Malformations


Müllerian duct aplasia, renal aplasia and cervical somite dysplasia


Genital renal ear and skeletal syndrome


Herlyn–Werner–Wunderlich syndrome


Oestrogen diethylstibisterol


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University College London Hospital NHS TrustLondonUK

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