Tendons and Ligaments

  • Susanne Jochum
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


The imaging of tendons and ligaments was the domain of MRI and ultrasound, so far. The dual-energy CT offers a new imaging method to visualize tendons and ligaments.

Tendons of the hand and wrist but also of the foot, talocrural region and Achilles tendon could be demonstrated by dual-enery CT. Not only normal tendons can be shown, it is reported that even lesions can be depicted.

The visualization of ligaments at the knee with dual-energy CT is possible. The significance of this new method has to be shown. At the moment it seems to be an interesting alternative in patients with MRI contraindications. The results of depiction of the tendons and ligaments in the shoulder with dual-energy CT are not promising yet.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Posterior Cruciate Ligament Extensor Tendon Longus Tendon Fibular Collateral Ligament 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Abe A, Ishikawa H, Murasawa A, Nakazono K (2010) Extensor tendon rupture and three-dimensional computed tomography imaging of the rheumatoid wrist. Skeletal Radiol 39:325–331PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Deng K, Sun C, Liu C, Ma R (2009) Initial experience with visualizing hand and foot tendons by dual-energy computed tomography. Clin Imaging 33:384–389PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Johnson TR, Krauss B, Sedlmair M et al (2007) Material differentiation by dual energy CT: initial experience. Eur Radiol 17:1510–1517PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Lee W, Kim HS, Kim SJ, Kim HH, Chung JW, Kang HS, Hong SH, Choi J (2004) CT arthrography and virtual arthroscopy in the diagnosis of the anterior cruciate ligament and meniscal abnormalities of the knee joint. Korean J Radiol 5(1):47–54PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Petersilka M, Bruder H, Krauss B, Stierstorfer K, Flohr TG (2008) Technical principles of dual source CT. Eur J Radiol 68:362–368PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ptasznik R, Feller J, Bartlett J, Fitt G, Mitchell A, Hennessy O (1995) The value of sonography in the diagnosis of traumatic rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee. AJR Am J Roentgenol 164:1461–1463PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Santiago FR, Plazas PG, Fernandez JM (2008) Sonography findings in tears of the extensor pollicis longus tendon and correlation with CT, MRI and surgical findings. Eur J Radiol 66:112–116PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sun C, Miao F, Wang XM et al (2008) An initial qualitative study of dual-energy CT in the knee ligaments. Surg Radiol Anat 30:443–447PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Sunagawa T, Ishida O, Ishiburo M, Suzuki O, Yasunaga Y, Ochi M (2005) Three-dimensional computed tomography imaging: its applicability in the evaluation of extensor tendons in the hand and wrist. J Comput Assist Tomogr 29:94–98PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Wischer TK, Bredella MA, Bongartz G (2001) Bildgebung des vorderen Kreuzbandes. Arthroskopie 14:114–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of RadiologyWestpfalz ClinicKaiserslauternGermany

Personalised recommendations