Sports Injuries in Children and Adolescents: Classification, Epidemiology, and Clinical Examination

Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Important issues regarding accurate diagnosis and/or differential diagnosis of sports injuries in young athletes include: a thorough history focusing on age of the athlete, type of sport, point of maximum intensity of pain, onset and timing of pain in relation to the sport, associated neurovascular symptoms, previous injuries, and presence of swelling, deformity and bruising. Whereas avulsion fractures occur in the growing skeleton, it is uncommon to see musculotendinous and ligamentous injuries in pediatric athletes. Familiarity with the classification of the musculoskeletal injuries and the limitations of the various clinical tests in each anatomic area, allow accurate referral for imaging. The incidence of musculoskeletal injuries largely depends on the type of sport, level of performance (competition/match vs. noncompetition/practice), intensity and technique.


Anterior Cruciate Ligament Radial Head Knee Injury Ankle Sprain Avulsion Fracture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Academic Unit, Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, Clarendon Wing, Leeds General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds, LS1 3EX, UK.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, School of MedicineUniversity of LeedsLeedsUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, Academic Unit, Clarendon WingLeeds Teaching Hospitals NHS TrustLeedsUnited Kingdom

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