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Fetal MRI pp 377-401 | Cite as

MRI of the Fetal Abdomen

  • Peter C. Brugger
Chapter
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

Fetal abdominal MRI is a comparatively recent branch of fetal MRI. Like other organ systems, the abdominal viscera also show considerable changes during the time period covered by fetal MRI. This leads to a different appearance of the fetal abdomen on MRI, depending on gestational age. The changes observed in the gastrointestinal tract relate to the distribution of swallowed amniotic fluid and meconium within the intestines, which is characteristic of both developmental stages as well as of certain pathologies. Organs such as the spleen or adrenal glands change their signal characteristics during development. This chapter summarizes the current knowledge of the prenatal development of the abdominal organs, correlates it with imaging findings, and reviews the MRI appearance of fetal abdominal pathologies.

Keywords

Amniotic Fluid Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Gestational Week Left Hepatic Lobe SSFP Sequence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Integrative Morphology Group, Center of Anatomy and Cell BiologyMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria

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