Ankle and Foot

  • Khaldoun Koujok
  • Eoghan E. Laffan
  • Mark E. Schweitzer
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


This chapter reviews the common and uncommon injuries of the ankle and foot in children and adolescents in sport. The ankle is the most commonly injured body part during sport, with ankle sprains being the most injury seen. They are estimated to account for 20% of all sports injuries in the USA. Prevalence is highest in basketball, ice skating and soccer. The differences between injuries in children, due to the unfused physes, and adults is discussed. Ligamentous injuries are reviewed. Normal, physiologic MR signal patterns around the ankle are mentioned. The Ottawa ankle and foot rules regarding radiography in ankle and foot injuries are explained. Other injuries that are reviewed include osteochondral lesions, in particular the talus, hindfoot fractures, physeal bar and osteochondroses (Sever, Kohler, Freiberg, Mueller-Weiss). Lastly, tarsal coalition, an abnormal, congenital union between bones of the hind and midfoot are discussed.


Bone Marrow Edema Ankle Sprain Metatarsal Head Subtalar Joint Osteochondral Lesion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khaldoun Koujok
    • 1
  • Eoghan E. Laffan
    • 2
  • Mark E. Schweitzer
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Ottawa Pediatric Radiologist, Children’s Hospital of Eastern OntarioOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Children’s University HospitalDublin 1Ireland
  3. 3.The Ottawa Hospital, Chair of Radiology, Professor of RadiologyThe University of OttawaOttawaCanada

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