Menstrual Disorders and Vaginal Discharge

Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Disorders of menstruation in adolescents are the second most common symptom group after vulvovaginitis and pelvic discharge referred to the paediatric and adolescent gynaecology service. In general, menstrual disorders and problems related to pelvic discharge are benign and self-limiting and diagnostic imaging is not routinely required. However, a number of important conditions merit further clinical evaluation. This chapter considers the role of diagnostic imaging in these disorders.


Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Turner Syndrome Premature Ovarian Failure Gonadal Dysgenesis Pituitary Apoplexy 



Polycystic ovarian syndrome


Langerhans cell histiocytosis




Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone


Thyroid-stimulating hormone


Thyroid function tests


Idiopathic Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism


Multifollicular ovary


Internal carotid artery


Post traumatic hypopituitarism


Traumatic brain injury


Rathke’s cleft cyst


National Institute of Health


European Society for Reproduction and Embryology


American Society for Reproductive Medicine


Androgen Excess Society


Polycystic ovary morphology


Premature ovarian failure


Primary ovarian insufficiency


Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome


Fragile X Mental Retardation-1 gene


Nonclassic Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia


Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia


Adrenocortical tumours


Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia type 1


Inferior vena cava




Müllerian duct aplasia, Renal dysplasia, Cervical Somite anomalies


Congenital androgen insensitivity syndrome


Magnetic Resonance


Partial androgen insensitivity syndrome


Mild androgen insensitivity syndrome


Spectral Adiabatic Inversion Recovery


Turbospin Echo


Perineal haemangioma, external genitalia malformations, lipomyelomeningocele, vesicorenal abnormalities, imperforate anus and skin tag


Spinal dysraphism, anogenital anomalies, cutaneous anomalies, and renal and urologic anomalies associated with angioma of lumbosacral localisation)


Androgen receptor




Computed Tomography


Magnetic Resonance Imaging


Steroidogenic acute regulatory protein


Luteinising hormone


Follicle stimulating hormone


Dual-emission X-ray absorptiometry


Androgen receptor


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Paediatric Endocrinology and DiabetesAlder Hey Children’s Hospital NHS Foundation TrustLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.Department of Paediatric RadiologyAlder Hey Children’s Hospital NHS Foundation TrustLiverpoolUK

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