Safety of Fetal MRI Scanning
MRI uses a variety of different magnetic fields to produce images. These all interact with the body in some way. This chapter considers how they interact with the fetus in particular, and whether they pose any risk to the fetus. It also considers practical aspects of MR scanning that can cause problems for the mother or fetus.
KeywordsPeripheral Nerve Stimulation International Electrotechnical Commission Fetal Magnetic Resonance Imaging Half Fourier Acquisition Single Shot Turbo Spin Echo Sound Exposure
- Duncan K, Baker PN, Johnson IR, Gowland P (1996) Treat patients with kindness during magnetic resonance imaging. Br Med J 312(7043):1421–1421Google Scholar
- HPA (2008) Static magnetic fields (RCE-6). HPA-Advisory Group on Non-Ionising Radiation, ChiltonGoogle Scholar
- Kanal E, Borgstede JP, Barkovich AJ, Bell C, Bradley WG, Etheridge S, Felmlee JP, Froelich JW, Hayden J, Kaminski EM, Lester JW, Scoumis EA, Zaremba LA, Zinninger MD (2004) American College of Radiology White Paper on MR Safety.2004 Updates and Revisions. Am J Roentgenol 182(5):1111–1114CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Shamsi S, Wu DG, Chen J, Liu R, Kainz W (2006) SAR evaluation of pregnant woman models in 64 MHz MRI birdcage coil. IEEE MTT S Int Microw Symp Dig 1–5:225–228Google Scholar