Shoulder: Sports-Related Injuries in Children and Adolescents

  • Amy Liebeskind
  • Varand Ghazikhanian
  • Shobi Zaidi
  • Usha Chundru
  • Javier Beltran
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Pediatric shoulder sports injuries may be due to acute macrotrauma or repetitive microtrauma. Anterior glenohumeral joint dislocations as well as associated Hill-Sachs, Bankart and multiple Bankart variant lesions such as Perthes, GLAD and ALPSA may occur acutely. Posterior glenohumeral joint dislocations, as well as associated reverse Hill-Sachs, reverse Bankart and POLPSA may also occur. Skeletally immature individuals may sustain fracture injuries to the open physes (Salter–Harris fractures) of the humeral head, glenoid, coracoid and acromion. Children also sustain clavicle fractures, acromioclavicular joint separations, and less likely, osteolysis of the distal clavicle and sternoclavicular joint separations. Myotendinous and myofascial strains, as well as soft tissue hematomas also occur in children and adolescents. Chronic overuse injuries include proximal humeral epiphysiolysis (little league shoulder), rotator cuff tendinopathy and impingement as well as rotator cuff tears. Anterior, posterior and multidirectional instability may also occur.


Rotator Cuff Humeral Head Rotator Cuff Tear Distal Clavicle Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.





Anterior labroligamentous periosteal sleeve avulsion




Glenolabral articular disruption


Magnetic resonance imaging


Posterior labroscapular periosteal sleeve avulsion






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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg  2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amy Liebeskind
    • 1
  • Varand Ghazikhanian
    • 1
  • Shobi Zaidi
    • 1
  • Usha Chundru
    • 2
  • Javier Beltran
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyMaimonides Medical CenterBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.San Francisco Magnetic Resonance CenterSan FranciscoUSA

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