CAS 2015/A/4351, Vsl Pakruojo FK, Darius Jankauskas, Armas Mikaitis, Sigitas Olberkis, Valdas Pocevicius, Alfredas Skroblas, Donatas Strockis, Diogo Gouveia Miranda, C.H. Alexandru, Taras Michailiuk v. Lithuanian Football Federation, Award of 13 July 2016

  • Jorge IbarrolaEmail author
Part of the Yearbook of International Sports Arbitration book series (YISA)


The purpose of the analysis of this recent CAS award is to show that sports institutions, such as the Lithuanian Football Federation (“LFF”) in this case, may exercise originality in the drafting of rules providing for “light” means of evidence. While practitioners in the sports law environment are rather used to coping with the burden of directly or circumstantially proving (or rebutting) the violations of rules giving rise to sanctions, the LFF Disciplinary Code sets forth the possibility of demonstrating that a match has been fixed on the mere basis of statistical data collected by the betting operators (the “data-based presumption”). The CAS has accepted and endorsed this rule as well as another disciplinary rule of the LFF, according to which, even if cannot be proven that players or clubs have been involved in match manipulation, the players’ suspicious behaviour during a given match, observed by experts or by the CAS Panel itself, results in a presumption of the players’ involvement in the match-fixing and, if such presumption is not rebutted, in their punishment (the “suspicion-based presumption”).


Evidence Presumption of culpability Statistical and analytical data Match-fixing UEFA Betting Fraud Detection System 


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Copyright information

© T.M.C. Asser Press and the authors 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LausanneSwitzerland

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