pp 1-4 | Cite as

Venous Ulcers: General Information

  • Melvin A. Shiffman
Part of the Recent Clinical Techniques, Results, and Research in Wounds book series


Chronic venous ulcers are the leading causes for nonhealing wounds in the lower extremities. The author discusses the Community and Environmental Assessment Process (CEAP) categories of venous disorders, causes of venous ulcers, risk factors, appearance of ulcers, past history, differential diagnosis, tests, treatment (medical and surgical), complications, and secondary prevention of a recurrent ulcer.


  1. 1.
    Margolis DJ, Bilker W, Santanna J, Baumgarten M (2002) Venous leg ulcer: incidence and prevalence in the elderly. J Am Acad Dermatol 46(3):381–386Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Malas MB, Qazi U, Lazarus G, Valle MF, Wilson LM, Haberl EB, Bass EB, Zenilman J (2014) Comparative effectiveness of surgical interventions aimed at treating underlying venous pathology in patients with chronic venous ulcer. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2(2):212–225Google Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Venous leg ulcers. Gravitational leg ulcers; causes, treatment. Accessed 19 Mar 2017
  5. 5.
    CEAP classification for venous disease. Accessed 23 Mar 2017
  6. 6.
    Chong AJ, Klein MB (2005) Images in clinical medicine. Marjolin’s ulcer. N Engl J Med 352(10):e9Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Private PracticeTustinUSA

Personalised recommendations