Advertisement

pp 1-22 | Cite as

Probing Coagulation and Fouling in Colloidal Dispersions with Viscosity Measurements: In Silico Proof of Concept

Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series

Abstract

Colloidal dispersions in a flow can undergo the unwanted processes of coagulation and fouling. Prevention of these processes requires their proper understanding and the ability to monitor their extent. Currently, neither of these requirements is sufficiently fulfilled and this motivates the development of detailed models that capture the nature of the dispersion processes operating at the scale of primary colloidal particles. We model coagulation and fouling in colloidal dispersions using the dynamic discrete element method (DEM), with an interaction model accounting for particles that are elastic, adhesive, and stabilized by electrostatic charge. At the same time, the particles can adhere to the wall. Flow-field computation captures the mutual influence between particles and flow. The model also includes a pair-wise implementation of lubrication forces. The modeling results indicate that viscosity is highly sensitive to the formation of clusters, reflecting not only the larger size of clusters with increasing surface energy, but also the slower kinetics of coagulation in charge-stabilized dispersions. By contrast, viscosity is not sensitive to the attachment of particles to the wall. The mechanism of fouling determined from the simulation results comprises the initial bulk formation of clusters and subsequent dynamic wall attachment and detachment of the clusters. The presented work improves understanding of the dynamic behavior of colloidal dispersions, which is strongly relevant for industrial applications as well as for on-line monitoring and control.

Keywords

Coagulation Fouling Modeling Suspension rheology 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors are grateful for the support provided by EC SPIRE project RECOBA (H2020-636820) and by Czech Science Foundation (GACR) project 16-22997S. Financial support from specific university research (MSMT No 20-SVV/2016) is gratefully acknowledged.

Supplementary material

12_2017_17_MOESM1_ESM.zip (29 kb)
(ZIP 29 kb)

References

  1. 1.
    Urrutia J, Pea A, Asua JM (2016) Reactor fouling by preformed latexes. Macromol React Eng 11(1):1600043. doi: 10.1002/mren.201600043 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Soos M, Moussa AS, Ehrl L, Sefcik J, Wu H, Morbidelli M (2008) Effect of shear rate on aggregate size and morphology investigated under turbulent conditions in stirred tank. J Colloid Interface Sci 319:577–589ADSCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zaccone A, Soos M, Lattuada M, Wu H, Baebler MU, Morbidelli M (2009) Breakup of dense colloidal aggregates under hydrodynamic stresses. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlinear Soft Matter Phys 79:061401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Harada S, Tanaka R, Nogami H, Sawada M (2006) Dependence of fragmentation behavior of colloidal aggregates on their fractal structure. J Colloid Interface Sci 301:123–129ADSCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Conchuir BO, Harshe YM, Lattuada M, Zaccone A (2014) Analytical model of fractal aggregate stability and restructuring in shear flows. Ind Eng Chem Res 53:9109–9119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kroupa M, Vonka M, Soos M, Kosek J (2015) Size and structure of clusters formed by shear induced coagulation: modeling by discrete element method. Langmuir 31:7727–7737CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Guery J, Bertrand E, Rouzeau C, Levitz P, Weitz DA, Bibette J (2006) Irreversible shear-activated aggregation in non-Brownian suspensions. Phys Rev Lett 96:198301ADSCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zaccone A, Gentili D, Wu H, Morbidelli M (2010) Shear-induced reaction-limited aggregation kinetics of Brownian particles at arbitrary concentrations. J Chem Phys 132:134903ADSCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mewis J, Wagner N (2012) Colloidal suspension rheology; Cambridge series in chemical engineering. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Visser J, Jeurnink TJM (1997) Fouling of heat exchangers in the dairy industry. Exp Thermal Fluid Sci 14:407–424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bansal B, Chen XD (2006) A critical review of milk fouling in heat exchangers. Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf 5:27–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bouhabila E, Ben Aim R, Buisson H (2001) Fouling characterisation in membrane bioreactors. Sep Purif Technol 22-23:123–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Delgado S, Villarroel R, Gonzalez E (2008) Effect of the shear intensity on fouling in submerged membrane bioreactor for wastewater treatment. J Membr Sci 311:173–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Henry C, Minier JP, Lefevre G (2012) Towards a description of particulate fouling: from single particle deposition to clogging. Adv Colloid Interf Sci 185:34–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Henry C, Minier JP, Lefevre G, Hurisse O (2011) Numerical study on the deposition rate of hematite particle on polypropylene walls: role of surface roughness. Langmuir 27:4603–4612CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Henry C, Minier JP, Lefevre G (2012) Numerical study on the adhesion and reentrainment of nondeformable particles on surfaces: the role of surface roughness and electrostatic forces. Langmuir 28:438–452CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Agbangla GC, Climent E, Bacchin P (2014) Numerical investigation of channel blockage by flowing microparticles. Comput Fluids 94:69–83MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Agbangla GC, Bacchin P, Climent E (2014) Collective dynamics of flowing colloids during pore clogging. Soft Matter 10:6303–6315ADSCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dupuy M, Xayasenh A, Duval H, Waz E (2016) Analysis of non-Brownian particle deposition from turbulent liquid-flow. AICHE J 62:891–904CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Marshall JS (2009) Discrete-element modeling of particulate aerosol flows. J Comput Phys 228:1541–1561ADSCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Peters J, Heller W (1970) Mechanical and surface coagulation. 2. Coagulation by stirring of alpha-feooh-sols. J Colloid Interface Sci 33:578ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Heller W, Peters J (1970) Mechanical and surface coagulation. 1. Surface coagulation of alpha FeOOH sols. J Colloid Interface Sci 32:592ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    De Lauder WB, Heller W (1971) Mechanical and surface coagulation. 5. Role of solid-liquid interface and of turbulence in mechanical coagulation. J Colloid Interface Sci 35:308ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sjollema J, Busscher HJ (1990) Deposition of polystyrene particles in a parallel plate flow cell. 1. The influence of collector surface-properties on the experimental deposition rate. Colloids Surf 47:323–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Georgieva K, Dijkstra DJ, Fricke H, Willenbacher N (2010) Clogging of microchannels by nano-particles due to hetero-coagulation in elongational flow. J Colloid Interface Sci 352:265–277ADSCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kumar D, Bhattacharya S, Ghosh S (2013) Weak adhesion at the mesoscale: particles at an interface. Soft Matter 9:6618–6633ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mustin B, Stoeber B (2016) Single layer deposition of polystyrene particles onto planar polydimethylsiloxane substrates. Langmuir 32:88–101CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Li SQ, Marshall JS, Liu GQ, Yao Q (2011) Adhesive particulate flow: the discreteelement method and its application in energy and environmental engineering. Prog Energy Combust Sci 37:633–668CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Boor BE, Siegel JA, Novoselac A (2013) Monolayer and multilayer particle deposits on hard surfaces: literature review and implications for particle resuspension in the indoor environment. Aerosol Sci Technol 47:831–847ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Chen S, Liu WW, Li SQ (2016) Effect of long-range electrostatic repulsion on pore clogging during microfiltration. Phys Rev E 94:063108ADSCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Yue C, Zhang Q, Zhai ZQ (2016) Numerical simulation of the filtration process in fibrous filters using CFD-DEM method. J Aerosol Sci 101:174–187ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Shahzad K, D’Avino G, Greco F, Guido S, Maffettone PL (2016) Numerical investigation of hard-gel microparticle suspension dynamics in microfluidic channels: aggregation/fragmentation phenomena, and incipient clogging. Chem Eng J 303:202–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Lazzari S (2016) Modeling simultaneous deposition and aggregation of colloids. Chem Eng Sci 155:469–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kroupa M, Vonka M, Kosek J (2014) Modeling the mechanism of coagulum formation in dispersions. Langmuir 30:2693–2702CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kroupa M, Vonka M, Soos M, Kosek J (2016) Utilizing the discrete element method for the modeling of viscosity in concentrated suspensions. Langmuir 32:8451–8460CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Crowe C, Sommerfeld M, Tsuji Y (1998) Multiphase flows with droplets and particles. CRC, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Marshall JS (2007) Particle aggregation and capture by walls in a particulate aerosol channel flow. J Aerosol Sci 38:333–351ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    The OpenFOAM Foundation OpenFOAM open source software. The OpenFOAM Foundation, London. www.openfoam.org. 2017
  39. 39.
    Dance SL, Maxey MR (2003) Incorporation of lubrication effects into the force-coupling method for particulate two-phase flow. J Comput Phys 189:212–238ADSMathSciNetCrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Israelachvili J (2010) Intermolecular and surface forces. Elsevier Science, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Cowley AC, Fuller NL, Rand RP, Parsegian VA (1978) Measurement of repulsive forces between charged phospholipid bilayers. Biochemistry 17:3163–3168CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Hunter RJ (2001) Foundations of colloid science2nd edn. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Johnson KL, Kendall K, Roberts AD (1971) Surface energy and contact of elastic solids. Proc R Soc A 324:301–313ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Schmitt FJ, Ederth T, Weidenhammer P, Claesson P, Jacobasch HJ (1999) Direct force measurements on bulk polystyrene using the bimorph surface forces apparatus. J Adhes Sci Technol 13:79–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Hodges CS, Cleaver JAS, Ghadiri M, Jones R, Pollock HM (2002) Forces between polystyrene particles in water using the AFM: pull-off force vs particle size. Langmuir 18:5741–5748CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Netlib ODEPACK library. http://www.netlib.org/. 2017

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of Chemistry and Technology PraguePrague 6Czech Republic
  2. 2.BASF SELudwigshafen am RheinGermany

Personalised recommendations