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Poly(lactic acid)-Based Materials for Automotive Applications

  • Amani BouzouitaEmail author
  • Delphine Notta-Cuvier
  • Jean-Marie RaquezEmail author
  • Franck Lauro
  • Philippe Dubois
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 282)

Abstract

As a result of increasingly stringent environmental regulations being imposed on the automotive sector, ecofriendly alternative solutions are being sought through the use of next-generation bioplastics and biocomposites as novel vehicle components. Thanks to its renewability, low cost, high strength, and rigidity, poly(lactic acid), PLLA, is considered a key material for such applications. Nevertheless, to compete with traditional petroleum-sourced plastics some of the properties of PLLA must be improved to fulfill the requirements of the automotive industry, such as heat resistance, mechanical performance (especially in terms of ductility and impact toughness), and durability. This review focuses on the properties required for plastics used in the automotive industry and discusses recent breakthroughs regarding PLLA and PLLA-based materials in this field.

Keywords

Automotive industry Bioplastic Injection molding Poly(lactic acid) 

Abbreviation

ABS

Acrylate-butadiene-styrene

ATBC

Acetyltributylcitrate

BioPA

Bio-polyamide

BioPE

Bio-polyethylene

BS

Biomax® Strong (Commercial impact modifier)

CE

Chain extender

CL25A

Cloisite® 25A

DEHA

Bis(2-ethylhexyl) adipate

DOA

Dioctyl adipate

DSC

Differential scanning calorimetry

EBS

Ethylene bis-stearamide (nucleating agent)

EMA-GMA

Ethylene-methyl acrylate-glycidyl methacrylate

ENR

Epoxidized natural rubber

GTA

Glyceryl triacetate

HDT

Heat deflection temperature

HNT

Halloysite nanotube

NCH

Nylon-clay hybrid

OEM

Original equipment manufacturer

OMC

Organic modified clay

OMLS

Organically modified layered silicate

PA

Polyamide

PBGA

Oligomericpoly(1,3-butylene glycol adipate)

PC

Polycarbonate

PCL

Polycaprolactone

PDLA

Poly(d-lactic acid)

PEBA

Polyether block amide

PEG

Polyethylene glycol

PET

Polyethylene terephtalate

PHA

Polyhydroxyalkanoate

PLLA

Poly(l,d-lactic acid)

PLS

Polymer-layered silicate nanocomposites

PMMA

Poly(methyl methacrylate)

PP

Polypropylene

PPA

Poly(1,2-propylene glycol adipate)

PS

Polystyrene

PTT

Polytrimethylene terephtalate

PU

Polyurethane

RH

Relative humidity

sc-PLA

Stereocomplex of polylactide

TAC

Triacetin

TBC

Tributylcitrate

TPU

Thermoplastic polyurethane

Notes

Acknowledgements

LAMIH authors are grateful to CISIT, the Nord-Pas-de-Calais Region, the European Community, the Regional Delegation for Research and Technology, the Ministry of Higher Education and Research, and the National Center for Scientific Research for their financial support. UMONS and Materia Novaauthors are grateful to the “RegionWallonne” and the European Community (FEDER, FSE) in the frame of “Pole d’ExcellenceMateria Nova” INTERREG IV—NANOLAC project and in the excellence program OPTI2MAT for their financial support. CIRMAP thanks the “Belgian Federal Government Office Policy of Science (SSTC)” for general support in the frame of the PAI-7/05. J.O. thanks F.R.I.A. for its financial support thesis grant. J.-M. Raquez is a “Chercheur Qualifié” by the F.R.S.-FNRS (Belgium).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Polymeric and Composite Materials (LPCM), Center of Innovation and Research in Materials and Polymers (CIRMAP)University of Mons (UMONS)MonsBelgium
  2. 2.Industrial and Human Automatic Control and Mechanical Engineering Laboratory (LAMIH), UMR CNRS 8201University of Valenciennes and Hainaut-CambrésisValenciennes, Cedex 9France

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