Intrinsic Self-Healing Polymers Based on Supramolecular Interactions: State of the Art and Future Directions

  • Marcel Enke
  • Diana Döhler
  • Stefan Bode
  • Wolfgang H. BinderEmail author
  • Martin D. HagerEmail author
  • Ulrich S. SchubertEmail author
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 273)


Supramolecular polymers are an intriguing class of materials with dynamic behavior as a result of the presence of non-covalent bonds. These bonds include hydrogen bonds, metallopolymers, ionomers, host–guest as well as π–π interactions. The strength of these supramolecular bonds can be tuned by varying the binding motifs. Their reversible and dynamic character can be utilized to engineer self-healing polymers. This review briefly presents the preconditions for design of self-healing polymers and summarizes the development of supramolecular self-healing polymers based on various non-covalent interactions. Furthermore, challenges and perspectives for the understanding of self-healing mechanisms and the preparation of novel materials with enhanced properties are discussed.


Host–guest interactions Hydrogen bonding Metallopolymers Self-healing Supramolecular polymers 



WHB and DD thank the following funding institutions for financial support: funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no. 313978 as well as the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, grant DFG-BI 1337/8–1 and DFG-BI1337/8-2 within the SPP 1568 (“Design and Generic Principles of Self-Healing Materials”) and the SFB TRR 102 (project A3).

USS, MDH, ME, and SB thank the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, SPP 1568) for financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Organic and Macromolecular Chemistry (IOMC)Friedrich Schiller University JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.Jena Center for Soft Matter (JCSM)Friedrich Schiller University JenaJenaGermany
  3. 3.Macromolecular Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Science II (Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics)Martin Luther University Halle-WittenbergHalle (Saale)Germany

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