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Strong and Weak Polyelectrolyte Adsorption onto Oppositely Charged Curved Surfaces

  • Roland G. Winkler
  • Andrey G. Cherstvy
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 255)

Abstract

Polyelectrolytes are macromolecules composed of charged monomers and exhibit unique properties due to the interplay of their flexibility and electrostatic interactions. In solution, they are attracted to oppositely charged surfaces and interfaces and exhibit a transition to an adsorbed state when certain conditions are met concerning the charge densities of the polymer and surface and the properties of the solution. In this review, we discuss two limiting cases for adsorption of flexible polyelectrolytes on curved surfaces: weak and strong adsorption. In the first case, adsorption is strongly influenced by the entropic degrees of freedom of a flexible polyelectrolyte. By contrast, in the strong adsorption limit, electrostatic interactions dominate, which leads to particular adsorption patterns, specifically on spherical surfaces. We discuss the corresponding theoretical approaches, applying a mean-field description for the polymer and the polymer–surface interaction. For weak adsorption, we discuss the critical adsorption behavior by exactly solvable models for planar and spherical geometries and a generic approximation scheme, which is additionally applied to cylindrical surfaces. For strong adsorption, we investigate various polyelectrolyte patterns on cylinders and spheres and evaluate their stability. The results are discussed in the light of experimental results, mostly of DNA adsorption experiments.

Keywords

Spherical Surface Surface Charge Density Persistence Length Weak Adsorption Debye Screening Length 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank J.-F. Berret, P. Dubin, G. Manning, M. Muthukumar, H. Schiessel, S. Stoll, and M. Ullner for many insightful discussions and correspondence. Special thanks go to S. Stoll for providing us the snapshots presented in Figs. 1 and 2. The work was supported by the German Research Foundation, DFG grant CH 707/5-1 to AGC.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Theoretical Soft Matter and Biophysics, Institute for Advanced SimulationForschungszentrum JülichJülichGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Physics and AstronomyUniversity of PotsdamPotsdamGermany

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