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Nucleation and Crystallization in Diblock and Triblock Copolymers

Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER,volume 190)

Abstract

Crystallization of block copolymer microdomains can have a tremendous influence on the morphology, properties and applications of these materials. In this review, particular emphasis is placed on the nucleation, crystallization, thermal properties and morphology of diblock and triblock copolymers with one or two crystallizable components. The issues of the different types of nucleation processes (i.e., homogeneous nucleation and heterogeneous nucleation by different types of heterogeneities and surface nucleation) and their relation to the crystallization kinetics of the components is addressed in detail in a wide range of polymeric materials for droplet dispersions, blends and block copolymers. The case of AB double crystalline diblock copolymers is discussed in the light of recent works on biodegradable systems, while the nucleation, crystallization and morphology of more complex materials like ABC triblock copolymers with one or two crystallizable components are thoroughly reviewed.

  • ABC triblock copolymers
  • Block Copolymers
  • Crystallization
  • Homogeneous nucleation

Dedicated to Prof. Estrella Laredo on the occasion of her 65th birthday.

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Abbreviations

AFM:

Atomic force microscopy

aPP:

Atactic polypropylene

DSC:

Differential scanning calorimetry

HDPE:

High-density polyethylene

iPP:

Isotactic polypropylene

LLDPE:

Linear low-density polyethylene

MD:

Microdomain

ODT:

Order--disorder transition

PB:

Poly(butadiene)

PBO:

Poly(oxybutylene)

PCL:

Poly(ε-caprolactone)

PE:

Polyethylene

PEO:

Poly(ethylene oxide)

PEP:

Poly(ethylene-co-propylene)

PI:

Poly(isoprene)

PLLA:

Poly(l-lactide)

POM:

Polarized optical microscopy

PPDX:

Poly(p-dioxanone)

PS:

Polystyrene

PVCH:

Poly(vinylcyclohexane)

SAXS:

Small-angle X-ray scattering

SEB:

Styrene-ran-ethylene-ran-butene

TEM:

Transmission electron microscopy

TSDC:

Thermally stimulated depolarization current

UB:

Unmixed blend

WAXS:

Wide-angle X-ray scattering

D w x C y z:

notation employed for block copolymers, where the subscripts (w and y) denote the composition in weight percent and the superscripts (x and z) the number-average molecular mass in kilograms per mole. In the case of PPDX-b-PCL diblock copolymers, the letter D is used for PPDX and the letter C for PCL

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Acknowledgments

We would like to express our gratitude to the late Prof. Reimund Stadler for introducing us into the world of block copolymers. Special thanks are due to Volker Abetz for many enlightening discussions in the framework of our collaboration on the subject of block copolymer crystallization. A.J.M. would like to acknowledge interesting discussions on the subject of droplet crystallization with G. Reiter and K. Dalnoki-Veress and early disclosure of unpublished work. We would also like to thank two of our present M.Sc. students, Julio Albuerne and Arnaldo Lorenzo, for their invaluable help in the compilation and preparation of references, tables and figures.

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Correspondence to Alejandro J. Müller .

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Müller, A.J., Balsamo, V., Arnal, M.L. Nucleation and Crystallization in Diblock and Triblock Copolymers. In: Abetz, V. (eds) Block Copolymers II. Advances in Polymer Science, vol 190. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/12_001

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