Nucleation and Crystallization in Diblock and Triblock Copolymers

  • Alejandro J. Müller
  • Vittoria Balsamo
  • María Luisa Arnal
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polymer Science book series (POLYMER, volume 190)

Abstract

Crystallization of block copolymer microdomains can have a tremendous influence on the morphology, properties and applications of these materials. In this review, particular emphasis is placed on the nucleation, crystallization, thermal properties and morphology of diblock and triblock copolymers with one or two crystallizable components. The issues of the different types of nucleation processes (i.e., homogeneous nucleation and heterogeneous nucleation by different types of heterogeneities and surface nucleation) and their relation to the crystallization kinetics of the components is addressed in detail in a wide range of polymeric materials for droplet dispersions, blends and block copolymers. The case of AB double crystalline diblock copolymers is discussed in the light of recent works on biodegradable systems, while the nucleation, crystallization and morphology of more complex materials like ABC triblock copolymers with one or two crystallizable components are thoroughly reviewed.

ABC triblock copolymers Block Copolymers Crystallization Homogeneous nucleation 

Abbreviations

AFM

Atomic force microscopy

aPP

Atactic polypropylene

DSC

Differential scanning calorimetry

HDPE

High-density polyethylene

iPP

Isotactic polypropylene

LLDPE

Linear low-density polyethylene

MD

Microdomain

ODT

Order--disorder transition

PB

Poly(butadiene)

PBO

Poly(oxybutylene)

PCL

Poly(ε-caprolactone)

PE

Polyethylene

PEO

Poly(ethylene oxide)

PEP

Poly(ethylene-co-propylene)

PI

Poly(isoprene)

PLLA

Poly(l-lactide)

POM

Polarized optical microscopy

PPDX

Poly(p-dioxanone)

PS

Polystyrene

PVCH

Poly(vinylcyclohexane)

SAXS

Small-angle X-ray scattering

SEB

Styrene-ran-ethylene-ran-butene

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

TSDC

Thermally stimulated depolarization current

UB

Unmixed blend

WAXS

Wide-angle X-ray scattering

Dwx Cyz

notation employed for block copolymers, where the subscripts (w and y) denote the composition in weight percent and the superscripts (x and z) the number-average molecular mass in kilograms per mole. In the case of PPDX-b-PCL diblock copolymers, the letter D is used for PPDX and the letter C for PCL

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandro J. Müller
    • 1
  • Vittoria Balsamo
    • 1
  • María Luisa Arnal
    • 1
  1. 1.Grupo de Polímeros USB, Departamento de Ciencia de los MaterialesUniversidad Simón BolívarCaracasVenezuela

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