Chemical-Catalytic Approaches to the Production of Furfurals and Levulinates from Biomass

  • Mark MascalEmail author
  • Saikat Dutta
Part of the Topics in Current Chemistry book series (TOPCURRCHEM, volume 353)


The synthesis and chemistry of 5-(hydroxymethyl)furfural (HMF), 5-(chloromethyl)furfural (CMF), and levulinic acid (LA), three carbohydrate-derived platform molecules produced by the chemical-catalytic processing of lignocellulosic biomass, is reviewed. Starting from the historical derivation of these molecules and progressing through modern approaches to their production from biomass feedstocks, this review will then survey their principal derivative chemistries, with particular attention to aspects of commercial relevance, and discuss the relative merits of each molecule in the future of biorefining.


5-(Chloromethyl)furfural 5-(Hydroxymethyl)furfural Biomass Biomass derivatives Biorefinery Catalysis CMF Green chemistry HMF Levulinic acid Platform chemicals Renewable chemistry 


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of California DavisDavisUSA

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